For a Civil Rights Hero, 90, a New Battle Unfolds on His Childhood Avenue

In January 2019, the Jefferson Circuit Courtroom dominated in favor of town, arguing that the state regulation violated a municipality’s proper to free speech. That fall, nonetheless, the Alabama Supreme Courtroom unanimously reversed that ruling, successfully ending authorized challenges to the act on the state degree.

Nonetheless, a rising variety of native officers have proved prepared to interrupt the regulation and pay the $25,000 penalty. In Birmingham, the Democratic Mayor Randall Woodfin ordered the removing of the Troopers and Sailors monument one week after the killing of George Floyd in Could. He argued that the effective was more cost effective than continued civil unrest.

In Lowndes County, whose inhabitants is nearly 75 p.c African-American, county commissioners voted unanimously this 12 months to take away a Accomplice memorial that for many years stood in entrance of the courthouse in Hayneville. “I knew we have been breaking the regulation, however I simply thought it was one thing we needed to do,” mentioned Dickson Farrior, 72, the commissioner who first pushed to take away the monument. “It represented white supremacy, and we don’t want that.”

Mr. Farrior, who’s one in every of two white males on the fee and has represented his district since 1985, mentioned the county arrange a GoFundMe web page to assist pay the effective, however was pleasantly stunned when an area couple volunteered to cowl the $25,000 themselves.

“I don’t know whether or not the Legislature had in thoughts that, in impact, you may pay to alter your monuments,” mentioned Paul Horwitz, a professor on the College of Alabama Faculty of Legislation.

Nonetheless, Mr. Horwitz mentioned, a drumbeat of actions like Mr. Reed’s and Mr. Farrior’s may add a layer of strain for legislators to rethink the act — or no less than “amend it in a manner that enables for extra public dialogue.”

At a minimal, the state can probably count on extra challenges from Mr. Reed, who just lately shaped a committee of historians and group leaders to overview the names of different public areas throughout Montgomery.

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